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Travel immunizations

Travel immunizations
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These are tge immunizations that you will need before travelling depend on the area you intend to visit, although some diseases can be contracted almost anywhere. Wherever you are planning to go, make sure that you have been immunized against tetanus and polio (see Routine immunizations), and have had booster doses if necessary. Before travelling, always ask your doctor or travel clinic for up-to-date information. It is not possible to be immunized against malaria.

Immunization advice

The immunizations you need depend on your destination, the purpose of your visit, and your immunization history. Timings of the doses you receive may differ from those shown here.

Disease: Diphtheria - Number of doses: 1 injection
When effectivePeriod of protectionWho should be immunized
Immediately10 yearsPeople travelling to the countries of the former USSR or planning long stays in developing countries.
Disease: Hepatitis A - Number of doses: 2 injections 6-12 months apart
When effectivePeriod of protectionWho should be immunized
2–4 weeks after 1st doseUp to 1 year after 1st dose; 10 years after 2nd doseTravellers to developing countries, and long-stay travellers to some Mediterranean countries.
Disease: Hepatitis B - Number of doses: 3 injections over 6 months, at least 4 weeks apart
When effectivePeriod of protectionWho should be immunized
After 3rd doseLifelong, if there is a good antibody responsePeople travelling to countries in which hepatitis B is prevalent; those who might need medical or dental treatment while travelling in a developing country; and people likely to have unprotected sex.
Disease: Japanese B encephalitis - Number of doses: 2-3 injections 1-2 weeks apart
When effectivePeriod of protectionWho should be immunized
10–14 days after last doseAbout 2 yearsPeople staying for an extended period in rural areas of the Indian subcontinent, China, Southeast Asia, and the Far East.
Disease: Meningitis A and C or meninigitis A, C, W135, and Y - Number of doses: 1 injection
When effectivePeriod of protectionWho should be immunized
After 15 days3–5 yearsPeople travelling to Saudi Arabia on the Hajj and Umrah pilgrimages, and people visiting remote areas of Sub-saharan Africa, and Nepal; immunization certificate needed if travelling to Mecca.
Disease: Rabies - Number of doses: 3 injections. 1 week between 1st and 2nd doses, 3 weeks between 2nd and 3rd doses
When effectivePeriod of protectionWho should be immunized
Immediately after 3rd dose2–3 yearsPeople travelling to areas where rabies is endemic and who are at high risk (veterinary surgeons, people working with animals, and those travelling into remote country).
Disease: Typhoid - Number of doses: 1 injection
When effectivePeriod of protectionWho should be immunized
10 days after injection3 yearsPeople travelling to areas with poor sanitation.
Disease: Yellow fever - Number of doses: 1 injection
When effectivePeriod of protectionWho should be immunized
After 10 days10 yearsPeople travelling to parts of South America and Africa.

Posted 09.09.2010

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