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Gastric erosion

A break in the surface layer of the membrane lining the stomach. A break deeper than this layer is called a gastric ulcer (see peptic ulcer). Gastric erosions occur in some cases of gastritis. Many erosions result from ingestion of alcohol, iron tablets, corticosteroid drugs, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and ibuprofen. The physical stress of serious illness, such as kidney failure, major head injury, or burns may bring on an erosion. Often there are no symptoms, but erosions may bleed, causing vomiting blood or blood in the faeces. Persistent loss of blood may lead to anaemia. Gastric erosions are diagnosed by gastroscopy. They usually heal in a few days when they are treated with antacid drugs and ulcer-healing drugs.


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